Definition of intimidating behaviour
It will explain everything; it is important that we offer you this psychoeducation.” Disheartened, you trudged home with your partner, only to reflect that, if being thrown a pile of medical literature and told to go away and read it constitutes psychoeducation, you are definitely not a fan of that practice. We would say, “No, that’s not it at all.” Psychoeducation has been termed the combining of “the empowerment of the affected” with “scientifically-founded treatment expertise” in as efficient a manner as possible (Bauml, Frobose, Kraemer, Rentrop, & Pitschel-Walz, 2006/2014). [It] is education about a certain situation or condition that causes psychological stress” (my VMC, 2014).A common understanding is that psychoeducation “refers to the education offered to people with a mental health condition” (Wikipedia, 2014). The author of the second definition is at pains to point out that a person can receive psychoeducation for physical as well as mental health conditions: for example, breast cancer.Sadly, you left the office with the name of a disorder, but not much more insight.The psychologist – in a tone that you thought was unnecessarily cold and clinical – said that Chris had Bipolar disorder.Research in the 1960s into expressed emotion had found that environments in which there were hostile or critical comments and where family members had emotional over-involvement were sources of high stress for people living with psychosis; such situations were associated with increased relapse (Burbach & Stanbridge, 1998, in Hayes et al, 2013).Thus both patients and their families welcomed the development of behavioural and cognitive techniques in emergent therapies such as Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) during the 1970s and 1980s.Concerned, you got Chris to the doctor, and then to the psychologist, for evaluation.Many measures were administered, there were exploratory sessions, and then finally today you both went to the psychologist’s office to find out what has been going on.
The greater the vulnerability and/or the greater the stressors in the person’s environment, the greater is the likelihood of the individual manifesting the latent tendency (Wikipedia, 2014).Later we will discuss the different formats in which psychoeducation can be offered; here we can say that one format, family psychoeducation, has aimed for – and been successful at achieving – a reduction of relapse rates and symptom levels and improving the social participation of people living with severe and persistent psychotic disorders (Hayes, Harvey, & Farhall, 2013).The goal of family psychoeducation, as with other formats, is to improve knowledge and coping skills in families and clients, enabling them to work together more effectively to address the challenges of living with illness, especially mental illness.Patients and their families were given a preliminary briefing on the illness of the patient in the hopes that, developing a fundamental understanding of the illness, they would be willing to commit to more long-term involvement (Bauml et al, 2006/2014).The format of family psychoeducation (as opposed to that for the client/patient alone or in other settings) originated with stress-diathesis models of mental illness, which emphasise the interaction between an individual’s diathesis, or vulnerability, and the environment in the development or worsening of mental illness.